Thomas Shadwell

2022

Thomas Shadwell, (born 1642?, Norfolk, England—died November 19, 1692, London), English dramatist and poet, known for his broad comedies of manners and as the butt of John Dryden’s satire.

Shadwell became one of the court wits and an acquaintance of Sir Robert Howard and his brother, Edward. He satirized both Howards in The Sullen Lovers (1668), an adaptation of Molière’s Les Fâcheux.

Shadwell wrote 18 plays, an opera, The Enchanted Island (1674; adapted from Shakespeare’s The Tempest), a tragedy, Psyche (1674–75), and a blank verse tragedy, The Libertine (1675). He translated Juvenal’s The Tenth Satyr (1687) and composed bitter attacks upon John Dryden.

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