George Bernard Shaw


Irish writer and literary critic, born on July 26, 1856, in Dublin, and died on November 2, 1950, he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1925.

Coming from a poor family, he never attended university. In 1876 he moved to London and worked as a journalist, although his dream was to be a writer. He never stopped writing despite the failure of his early works. He became a theatre, art and music critic for various publications such as Saturday Review, Our Corner, The Pall Mall Gazette, The World and The Star.

As a member of the Social Democratic Federation, he had the opportunity to get to know the work of Karl Marx. He has since become an active socialist, a member of the Fabian Society, has lectured and distributed pamphlets, some of which he authored such as The Fabian Manifesto (1884) and Socialism for Millionaires (1901). He participated in various actions that later led to the emergence of the Labor Party.

In the meantime he wrote several political plays such as Arms and the Man (1894), Devil’s Disciple (1897), Man and Superman (1902), Major Barbara (1905) and Pygmalion (Pygmalion, 1913). As a convinced socialist, he was one of the opponents of the First World War. After the war, he wrote several successful plays, such as Heartbreak House (1919), Back to Methuselah (1921), St. Joan (1923), The Apple Cart (1929) and Too True to be Good (1932), which won him the Nobel Prize.