Bertolt Brecht


Bertolt Brecht (1898-1956) was a German playwright, novelist and poet, creator of the anti-Aristotelian Epic Theatre. His work escaped from the interests of the ruling elite, aimed to clarifying the social issues of the time.

Euger Bertholt Friedrich Brecht (1898-1956) was born in Augsburg, Germany, on February 10, 1898. He started writing at a young age, publishing his first text in a newspaper in 1914.

He interrupted his medical studies in Munich to serve as a hospital nurse during the First World War (1914-1918).

In 1924, Brecht moved to Berlin, where he joined the Deutsches Theater, and was an assistant to directors Max Reinhardt and Erwin Piscator.

One of his best-known plays is “Mother Courage and Her Children” (1941), a parable of the role of the petty bourgeoisie in the midst of political storms, considered by some to be Brecht’s masterpiece.

In 1949, with the support of the East German government, Bertolt Brecht founded a theater company the “Berliner Ensemble”, which mainly staged his plays.